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Environmental protection law of the peoples Republic of China (2014 Revision)

Environmental protection law of the peoples Republic of China (2014 Revision)
(the eleventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National Peoples Congress in December 26, 1989
The twelfth session of the Eighth National Peoples Congress Standing Committee revised in April 24, 2014
Directory
Chapter I General Provisions
Second chapter supervision and management
The third chapter is to protect and improve the environment
The fourth chapter is to prevent pollution and other public hazards
Fifth chapter information disclosure and public participation
Sixth chapter legal liability
The seventh chapter supplementary provisions
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 this law is formulated in order to protect and improve the environment, prevent and control pollution and other public hazards, protect public health, promote the construction of ecological civilization, and promote sustainable economic and social development.
Article 2 this law environment, refers to influence human survival and development of a variety of natural and artificially transformed natural factors through the overall, including air, water, oceans, land, minerals, forests, grasslands, wetlands, wildlife and natural sites, cultural relics, nature reserve, scenic areas, urban and rural areas.
Article third this Law shall apply to the territory of the peoples Republic of China and other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the peoples Republic of China.
Fourth protection of the environment is a basic national policy of the state.
Countries take to conservation and recycling resources, protecting and improving the environment, promoting and natural and harmonious economic and technical policies and measures, so as to coordinated economic and social development and environmental protection.
Fifth adhere to environmental protection priorities, comprehensive prevention and control, public participation, bear responsibility for the damage principle.
Sixth all units and individuals have the obligation to protect the environment.
Local peoples governments at all levels shall be responsible for the environmental quality of this administrative region.
Enterprises and institutions and other production operators shall prevent, reduce environmental pollution and ecological damage, the damage caused by the law to bear the responsibility.
Citizens should enhance the awareness of environmental protection, take a low-carbon, frugal lifestyle, consciously fulfill the obligations of environmental protection.
Seventh state support for environmental protection science and technology research, development and application, to encourage the development of environmental protection industry, and promote the construction of environmental protection information, improve the scientific and technological level of environmental protection.
Eighth Peoples governments at all levels should increase the financial investment to protect and improve the environment, prevent and control pollution and other public hazards, improve the use efficiency of financial funds.
Article 9. The peoples governments at various levels shall strengthen environmental protection propaganda and popularization and encourage grassroots self-governing organizations, social organizations and environmental protection volunteers to carry out the propaganda of environmental protection laws and regulations and environmental protection knowledge, create a favorable atmosphere for environmental protection.
Education administrative departments, schools should be the environmental protection knowledge into the school education content, to cultivate students awareness of environmental protection.
The news media should carry out the propaganda of environmental protection laws and regulations and environmental protection knowledge, and carry out public opinion supervision on environmental violations.
Article 10 the competent department of environmental protection of the State Council, of the environmental protection work throughout the country to implement unified supervision and management; local peoples governments at or above the county level environmental protection departments, implement unified supervision and management in the administrative areas of environmental protection work.
Peoples governments at or above the county level and the environmental protection department of the armed forces shall, in accordance with relevant laws and regulations, implement supervision and administration of environmental protection, such as resource protection and pollution prevention and so on.
Eleventh units and individuals that have made outstanding achievements in protecting and improving the environment shall be rewarded by the peoples government.
Twelfth June 5th each year for the environment day.
Second chapter supervision and management
Thirteenth peoples governments at or above the county level shall incorporate the work of environmental protection into national economic and social development plans.
The competent department of environmental protection under the State Council shall, jointly with the relevant departments, according to the national economic and social development planning and preparation of the national environmental protection plan, submitted to the State Council for approval and announced the implementation.
Local peoples governments at or above the county level environmental protection departments jointly with the relevant departments, according to the requirements of the national environmental protection plan, the preparation of environmental protection planning in the administrative areas, reported to the same level peoples Government approved and promulgated for implementation.
The contents of environmental protection planning should include ecological protection and pollution prevention and control objectives, tasks and safeguard measures, and with the main functional area planning, land use planning and urban and rural planning phase of convergence.
Article 14 The State Council departments and province, autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government organization of the peoples governments to develop economic and technical policies, should fully consider the impact on the environment, to listen to the views of the parties concerned and the experts.
Fifteenth environmental protection department of the State Council to develop national environmental quality standards.
The peoples governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government of the national environmental quality standards in not specified in the project, local environmental quality standards may be formulated; the national environmental quality standards has provisions of the project, can formulate strict national standards for environmental quality in local environmental quality standards. Local environmental quality standards shall be submitted to the competent department of environmental protection under the State Council for the record.
The State encourages the development of environmental standards.
Sixteenth the competent departments of environmental protection under the State Council shall, in accordance with the national environmental quality standards and State Economic and technical conditions, formulate national pollutant discharge standards.
The peoples governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall not make provisions for the national pollutant discharge standards,